Age does make a difference when it comes to investing. Baby Boomers, Generation X and Generation Y have diverse investment needs, depending on what stage of life they are in. Managed portfolios are an attractive investment for all generations.
Oscar Wilde is quoted to have said : “With age comes wisdom, but sometimes age comes alone.” When it comes to investing, the needs of investors have traditionally been determined according to their age, with generations typically grouped as Baby Boomers, Generation X and Generation Y. There is such a diverse cross section covered by these generations. Some people will have just started their first job, or are having their first child while others are trading in their suit for a set of golf clubs.
Managed portfolios can be a great investment selection for investor across all of these generations. The benefit include all those associated with direct asset ownership – is greater flexibility, cost reduction, transparency and better control of tax outcomes. The large additional benefit is that a professional manager is making investment decisions on your behalf. Let’s examine how each of these elements relates to different generation of investors.
How managed portfolios address the needs and choices of SMSFs (and Boomers)
Managed portfolios are a great fit for Self-Managed Superannuation Funds (SMSFs), and with the majority of SMSFs held by investors who would fall into the Baby Boomer category, it’s worthy considering how managed portfolios meet the needs of SMSFs.
According to the Australian Taxation Office (ATO), the net number of SMSFs established in the June 2014 financial year was over 30,000. Nearly one third of all SMSF members were aged between 55 and 64 at the end of December 2014, and another 26% were aged over 64.
The ATO also notes that 24% of SMSF members at the end of last year were aged between 45 and 54, while another 13% were aged between 35 and 44. The ATO’s data suggests younger Gen X investors may not necessarily be using SMSFs but they are looking to build portfolios of direct investments.
SMSF trustees typically look for greater control, choice and transparency of assets. Managed portfolios combine attractive features of both direct investment (i.e. equities and other assets) and traditional managed funds (i.e. access to professional management and portfolio diversification).
When compared to direct investment, managed portfolios offer a much lower administrative and compliance burden. For example, neither the owner of a managed portfolio, nor their adviser, have to worry about corporate actions. The work involved with assessing a corporate action, coming to an appropriate decision and then executing that decision is outsourced to the investment manager who is overseeing the assets in the managed portfolio.
Greater transparency and flexibility
When compared to managed funds, managed portfolios offer greater transparency. The underlying assets can be monitored on a day-to-day basis, In a managed fund, this is usually only possible – on a delayed basis – from month to month, as investment manager releases reports. With a managed portfolio, the adviser has a greater ability to see what is happening with the investments. Furthermore, managed portfolios often provide more cost-effective access to professional management than do managed funds.
Managed portfolios don’t just invest in traditional listed equities. They can also invest in listed hybrids, ASX-listed traditional bonds or exchange-traded bond (XTB) units or exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and also unlisted managed funds, offering greater flexibility to SMSF trustees and their adviser.
Managed portfolios and Gen X and Gen Y investors
Managed portfolios can be an attractive investment for younger Gen X and Gen Y investors who wish to save outside the superannuation system yet would normally lack the confidence to select particular stocks themselves.
Most of the younger Gen X and, Gen Y, if they are not in full-time study, are in the workforce. This means that, more likely than not, they will be time poor and won’t have time to monitor investment regularly. Managed portfolios remove the need for day-to-day monitoring of the underlying investments. They also enable the younger investors to build an investment portfolio that is professionally managed – another big draw card for younger investors who may lack investment expertise.
Managed portfolios also make it easy to change the asset allocation of the overall portfolio as the investor’s risk appetite alters over time. Whether the investors, their adviser, or the manager of underlying assets wishes to make dynamic, tactical or strategic shifts to the asset allocation, such shifts are more easily facilitated by managed portfolios, and often with lower transaction costs.
Arguably, this flexibility is more important to Gen Y investors than to Gen X investors as Gen Y investors are likely to be exposed to more potential fails in markets for a greater period of time than other age cohorts. They’ve also more likely to require multiple changes to their investment allocations, to account for their evolving life circumstances.
Tax implications of managed portfolios
For every working Australian, regardless of age, tax optimisation is a key priority. The underlying assets that are held through managed portfolios are registered in the name of the owner, although they will generally be held by an external custodian. One implication of this is that dividends and franking credits always flow directly to the investor, which they may not do through a managed fund.
An investor may make in specie transfers of securities into or out of an account that they hold with a platform. Some platforms will allow these securities to be included in a particular managed portfolio if the investment manager has the same security choice within their portfolio. This can be effected without incurring further transactions costs. Any excess stocks and funds not held within that particular portfolio can still be held in a client’s account, just unattached to that particular managed portfolio. This allows for great tax and cost efficiencies.
All the parcels of a particular security in a managed portfolio are not the same. Some may have unrealised gains; others, unrealised losses. Platforms enable the adviser or investment manager to transact each parcel in a way that is optimal for the tax position of the owner.
A consideration of how managed portfolios work for the tax-aware also highlights some of the ways in which they differ from managed funds. For example, to move stocks from one managed portfolio to another, it is often only necessary to purchase the stocks that don’t appear in the second managed portfolio and to sell stocks that only appear in the first.
Transactions costs and taxable realised gains are potentially reduced in the managed portfolio. More crucially, an investor who uses a managed portfolio is not affected by tax events resulting from the actions of other investors as is often the case of a managed fund where all investors are treated the same.
What’s next for managed portfolios?
The broad appeal of managed portfolios across the multiple generations means they are likely to grow in terms of take-up in the coming years. Here is a summary of some of the top predictions for the evolution of managed portfolios over the coming five years.
Technology is changing all the time. Managed portfolios appeal to a range of generations, in addition to investment managers and advisers who appreciate the flexibility that comes with the right underlying platform technology.
Looking forward, we think that further changes will allow en masse and individual tilts and stock exclusions in managed portfolios at the level of each individual client. These changes will allow for further customasation of portfolios, more client-focused outcomes for investors and greater efficiencies for advisers in dealing with unique client requirements.
The effectiveness of a managed portfolio depends on the functionally or technology of the platform through which it is held, as much as on the skill and insight of the investment maanger.